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There are several types of traumatic brain injuries, or TBIs. The severity of a specific injury has less to do with the type of TBI it is and more to do with other, outside factors. For example, while concussions are generally thought of as less serious than other types of TBIs, a severe concussion or repeated concussions can result in permanent brain damage.
Some of the more common types of TBIs include:
- Concussions – Caused by a sudden impact/blow to the head or a sudden change in head movement (such as whiplash)
- Contusions – Bruising of the brain, caused by the brain hitting the side of the skull after a sudden impact
- Subdural Hematoma – The collection of blood that forms between the brain and the protective layers of tissue inside the skull
- Hemorrhage – Excessive bleeding that occurs when an artery within the brain bursts; this is technically a type of stroke
- Penetrating Injury – Caused by an outside object that goes through the skull and pierces or otherwise damages the brain
The first four of these common TBIs—concussions, contusions, subdural hematomas, and hemorrhages—are collectively known as “closed head injuries.” These and other types of TBIs can cause the brain to swell rapidly. With nowhere to expand into, the brain can become further damaged as brain tissues compress.
It is important that you are able to recognize the signs of a TBI so that you can help your loved one receive prompt medical care if he or she suffers such an injury.
Some of the common symptoms of TBIs include:
- Loss of consciousness
- Inability to remember things that happened recently
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Nausea, with or without vomiting
- Dizziness and loss of balance
- Blurred vision
- Inability to smell
- Sensitivity to sounds/ringing in ears
- Aversion to light
- Changes in behavior, mood, or personality
- Convulsions or seizures
- Dilated pupils (one or both)
- Persistent or worsening headache
- Slurred speech
- Inability to walk/loss of coordination
- Numbness of extremities
The severity of symptoms typically correlates with the severity of injury. Regardless of how serious your symptoms or your loved one’s symptoms may seem, it is critical that you seek medical attention right away.
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While blameless accidents can and do occur, most catastrophic injuries are the result of negligence. If you believe that your or your loved one’s traumatic brain injury was caused by another person, company, or entity’s careless, reckless, or intentional actions, reach out to an attorney at our firm today. We can help you fully understand your legal options and work to protect your right to compensation.
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